Different phases, different logics: nationalism and globality at two turns of century.

The article explores the nature of national identity and national movements in Europe with particular focus on mass/elite configurations in the era of the nation-building process and in the present-day global age. The pivotal reference points are two "turns of century", the argument being predominantly focused on a comparison between the state of nationalism and its relations with "global" processes in the late 19th and the late 20th century. Although both nationalizing and globalizing forces are present in both periods, the article reveals significant variations of mutual interaction and forward-looking potential in the different ways the patterns are configured.